The Significance of Intrinsic Muscles in Pain Management

strenghten intrinsic muscles for pain management

When it comes to pain management, it’s crucial to address not only the major muscle groups but also the intrinsic muscles that play a vital role in supporting the body’s structure and movement.


Intrinsic muscles are often overlooked, but they are essential for maintaining proper alignment, stability, and functionality. 

In this article, we will explore the significance of intrinsic muscles in pain management and how their strength and coordination contribute to overall well-being. We will also delve into effective strategies for strengthening these muscles to enhance performance.


Understanding Intrinsic Muscles

Intrinsic muscles are the deep muscles located within and surrounding joints and other structures. As the name suggests, they are the muscles that originate and terminate within a specific region of the body, in this case, the hands and feet.

These muscles are responsible for intricate movement and functions, such as maintaining arch support, providing grip strength, and facilitating dexterity. These muscles are often smaller and closer to the bone, working within a confined space providing support for joint alignment and allowing for precise control and coordination.


This is unlike extrinsic muscles, which originate in one area and insert elsewhere, and are responsible for large visible movements. 


The Role of Intrinsic Muscles in Pain Management


One of the primary benefits of strengthening intrinsic muscles is how it can help you manage your pain. Many individuals experience discomfort or pain due to improper body mechanics, muscular compensation, trauma, or injury. Weak intrinsic muscles can lead to misalignments, poor posture, and inefficient movement patterns, causing chronic pain and discomfort. By focusing on strengthening these muscles, we can address the root causes of pain and improve overall function.


  1. Joint Stability and Alignment


Intrinsic muscles play a critical role in maintaining joint stability and alignment. They work synergistically with the larger, extrinsic muscles to provide precise control over joint movements. By stabilising the joints and optimising their alignment, intrinsic muscles prevent excessive stress on the surrounding tissues, reducing the risk of pain, strain, and injury.


  1. Proprioception and Body Awareness


Proprioception refers to the body’s ability to sense its position, movement, and spatial orientation. Intrinsic muscles contain a high concentration of proprioceptive receptors, which provide valuable feedback to the brain about joint position and muscle tension. This information is essential for coordinating movements, maintaining balance, and preventing falls or misalignments. By improving proprioception, intrinsic muscles contribute to enhanced body awareness and injury prevention.


  1. Postural Support


Proper posture is crucial for maintaining musculoskeletal health and preventing pain. Intrinsic muscles, particularly those located in the spine and pelvis, play a significant role in postural support. They work in conjunction with the larger muscles of the core to maintain optimal spinal alignment, supporting the natural curves of the spine. Weak or imbalanced intrinsic muscles can lead to postural abnormalities, such as excessive kyphosis or lordosis, which can result in pain and discomfort.


  1. Injury Prevention


Intrinsic muscles act as a protective mechanism, preventing injuries by stabilising joints and controlling movements. When the intrinsic muscles are weak or imbalanced, the risk of joint instability and compensatory movements increases, leading to overuse injuries, sprains, and strains. By strengthening the intrinsic muscles and promoting proper coordination, the risk of these injuries can be significantly reduced.


  1. Rehabilitation and Pain Management


Intrinsic muscles are also crucial in rehabilitation and pain management. Many chronic pain conditions, such as low back pain, are often attributed to muscular imbalances and poor joint stability. Physiotherapists and rehabilitation specialists target the intrinsic muscles during treatment to address these underlying issues. By improving the strength, flexibility, and coordination of the intrinsic muscles, pain can be alleviated, and functional abilities can be restored.


  1. Movement Efficiency and Performance


Intrinsic muscles contribute to overall movement efficiency and performance. When these muscles are strong and coordinated, they facilitate smooth and precise movements, optimising energy expenditure and minimising stress on the joints and surrounding structures. Athletes and individuals engaging in physical activities can benefit from well-developed intrinsic muscles, improving their performance and reducing the risk of injuries.


  1. Whole-Body Integration


Intrinsic muscles are intricately connected to the larger muscle groups and fascial networks throughout the body. They work in harmony with the extrinsic muscles, tendons, ligaments, and connective tissues to create a cohesive system of movement. Imbalances or dysfunctions within the intrinsic muscles can lead to compensatory patterns and restrictions in other areas of the body. Therefore, addressing the health and function of the intrinsic muscles is essential for maintaining overall musculoskeletal health.



The Science Behind Intrinsic Muscle Strengthening


Understanding the science behind intrinsic muscle strengthening can provide valuable insights into the benefits and mechanisms of this type of exercise. Various studies have demonstrated the positive effects of targeted intrinsic muscle training on strength, endurance, and functional performance. Let’s explore some of the scientific findings that support the effectiveness of intrinsic muscle strengthening exercises.


Research Findings on Intrinsic Muscle Training


A study conducted on active individuals showed that consistent Pilates practice for 12 weeks led to significant improvements in abdominal endurance, hamstring flexibility, and upper-body muscular endurance. These improvements indicate the positive impact of Pilates on overall strength and flexibility, both of which are crucial for pain management and injury prevention.


The Mind-Body Connection in Intrinsic Muscle Strengthening


In addition to physical benefits, strengthening the intrinsic muscles also fosters a strong mind-body connection. Pilates, with its emphasis on breath control, concentration, and body awareness, helps individuals develop a deeper understanding of their movement patterns and posture. This heightened awareness enhances balance, coordination, and overall mindfulness, leading to reduced stress levels and improved mental well-being.


The Power of Pilates for Intrinsic Muscle Strength


Pilates, a holistic exercise method developed by Joseph Pilates, provides an ideal platform for strengthening intrinsic muscles. Pilates emphasises mindful movement, alignment, and core engagement, making it an effective tool for targeting and activating the deep muscles that support the body’s structure. Let’s explore how Pilates can specifically target and strengthen intrinsic muscles in different areas of the body.


Strengthening the Intrinsic Muscles of the Hand


The hand is a remarkable structure with intricate movements facilitated by the intrinsic muscles. Pilates offers specific exercises that target the muscles of the hand, improving grip strength, finger dexterity, and overall hand function. By incorporating exercises that engage the thenar and hypothenar muscles, such as abductor pollicis brevis and abductor digiti minimi, Pilates helps to restore balance and strength to the hand.


Example Exercise: Finger Extension Motion


A simple yet effective exercise for strengthening the intrinsic muscles of the hand is finger extension motion. Begin by placing your hand on a flat surface with your fingers slightly apart. Slowly extend your fingers one by one, spreading them as wide as possible. Hold this position for a few seconds, then release and repeat. This exercise targets the deep muscles of the hand, improving finger strength and coordination.


Strengthening the Intrinsic Muscles of the Feet


Just like the hands, the feet have a complex network of intrinsic muscles that play a vital role in maintaining balance, stability, and proper foot mechanics. Weak intrinsic foot muscles can lead to various foot conditions, such as collapsed arches, plantar fasciitis, and toe deformities. Pilates offers a range of exercises that target these muscles, helping to restore strength, flexibility, and optimal foot function.


Example Exercise: Toe Tapping


Toe tapping is a beneficial exercise for strengthening the intrinsic muscles of the feet. Begin by sitting comfortably with your feet flat on the floor. Lift your toes off the ground one by one, starting with the big toe and moving towards the pinky toe. Tap each toe on the ground, focusing on activating the muscles in the arch of your foot. Repeat this exercise for several sets, gradually increasing the speed and intensity.


Integrating Intrinsic Muscle Strengthening into Your Fitness Routine


Now that we understand the importance of intrinsic muscle strengthening and the effectiveness of Pilates in achieving this goal, it’s time to explore practical ways to incorporate these exercises into your fitness routine. Whether you are new to Pilates or an experienced practitioner, the following strategies will help you optimise your intrinsic muscle training for maximum benefit.


Seek Professional Guidance


To ensure proper form and technique, it is highly recommended to work with a certified private Pilates trainer or physical therapist. They can assess your individual needs, create a personalised training plan, and provide guidance and support throughout your journey. Professional guidance is particularly crucial for individuals with pre-existing injuries or medical conditions. We here at Core Fitness can help with this! 


Gradual Progression


As with any exercise program, it is essential to start gradually and progress at a comfortable pace. Begin with foundational exercises that target the intrinsic muscles and gradually increase the intensity and complexity of your workouts. This progressive approach allows your muscles to adapt and strengthen over time, minimising the risk of injury and maximising results.


Consistency is Key


Consistency is the key to success when it comes to intrinsic muscle strengthening. Aim to incorporate Pilates exercises into your routine at least three times a week. Consistent practice allows your muscles to adapt and develop the necessary strength and endurance. Remember, it’s better to perform shorter, focused sessions regularly than infrequent, lengthy sessions.


Holistic Approach


While Pilates is an excellent tool for intrinsic muscle strengthening, it is essential to adopt a holistic approach to your fitness routine. Incorporate cardiovascular exercises, resistance training, and other forms of movement that complement your Pilates practice. This well-rounded approach ensures overall strength, flexibility, balanced muscle development, and increased pain management. 




Strengthening the intrinsic muscles is a fundamental aspect of pain management, injury prevention, and optimal performance. Their role in joint stability, proprioception, posture, injury prevention, rehabilitation, and overall movement efficiency cannot be underestimated. 


The holistic practice of Pilates offers an effective and accessible method for targeting and activating these deep muscles. Practising Pilates, as well as incorporating targeted exercises, rehabilitation techniques, and the holistic approach to wellness, we can strengthen and optimise the function of our intrinsic muscles, promoting pain management, improving performance, and enhancing our overall quality of life. 


Give due attention to your intrinsic muscles and unlock the power of pain management and optimal movement!

Request for Appointment